THE COMPREHENSIVE AFRICA AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME
The Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) was endorsed at the African Union Heads of State Summit as a New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) program in July 2003. The overall goal of CAADP is to “Help African countries reach a higher path of economic growth through agriculture-led development, which eliminates hunger, reduces poverty and food insecurity, and enables expansion of exports.” CAADP is a growth-oriented agricultural development agenda, aimed at increasing agriculture growth rates to six percent per year to create the wealth needed for rural communities and households in Africa to prosper. To achieve this goal, CAADP focuses its interventions in four key pillars to achieve measurable outcomes:
• Pillar 1: Extending the area under sustainable land management and reliable water control systems;
• Pillar 2: Improving rural infrastructure and trade-related capacities for market access;
• Pillar 3: Increasing food supply, reducing hunger, and improving responses to food emergency crises; and
• Pillar 4: Improving agriculture research, technology dissemination and adoption.
Crosscutting issues common across the four pillars targeted for interventions include capacity strengthening for agribusiness; academic and professional training; and improving access to information for agricultural strategy formulation.
In 2013, it will be 10 years since CAADP was endorsed in Maputo in 2003. The implementation of CAADP has enabled inclusive participation of all relevant sector players. CAADP has raised the profile of the agricultural sector in national domestic politics and the attention to agriculture has significantly increased.
CAADP has contributed to more specific, purposeful and incentive-oriented agricultural policies. It has also facilitated a noticeable improvement and progress towards donor coordination, harmonisation and alignment to country priorities. In a number of countries, additional resources have been allocated to targeted programs that have the highest potential to generate returns to these investments. Regional co-operation has been increased as a result of CAADP engagement. CAADP has also facilitated the establishment of mechanisms for monitoring and evaluation, peer review, dialogue and accountability.
At the African Union Commission (AUC), CAADP is implemented through the Department of Rural Economy and Agriculture (DREA), which was established with the objective of promoting agricultural and rural development. It also strives to support African institutions in advancing food security for Africans as well as achieving sustainable development and improved livelihoods for the population, underpinned by sound environmental and natural resource management and adaptation to climate change.
The mandate of AUC-DREA is to work with NEPAD Agency, RECs and Member States, African institutions, civil society and development partners to strengthen the agricultural sector, rural economies and the environment in order to improve the livelihoods of African people and ensure food security and sound environmental management.
The CAADP framework provides the basis for formulating AUC-DREA’s response to addressing the major challenges of Africa’s agricultural and rural development, and sustainable management of the environment and natural resources. The CAADP framework provides AUC-DREA with an opportunity to address in a holistic and integrated manner, interlinked developmental issues, such as adaptation to climate change, sustainable development, technology development and transfer, strengthening and empowering farmers associations and pastoralists, etc.
AUC-DREA has a pivotal role in moving forward the CAADP process through securing political leadership and guidance, and by mobilizing partnerships and much needed financial resources. Working within the organizational structure outlined in the CAADP Guide, AUC-DREA supports the roles played by the NEPAD Agency, RECs, knowledge institutions, Member States, and other relevant organizations in implementing the CAADP framework and achieving AUC-DREA’s overarching goal.
The AUC-DREA plays a crucial role in developing improved environmental and natural resources management, including developing responses to the consequences of climate change and desertification, and developing the agricultural sector and food security through CAADP to achieve AU’s goals of promoting economic growth and sustainable development.