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Plan of Action on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (Maputo Plan of Action)

Author: The African Union Commission
No. of pages: 26
Publication date: 2011
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The Maputo Plan of Action for the Operationalisation of the Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights Continental Policy Framework seeks to take the continent forward towards the goal of universal access to comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services in Africa by 2015. It is a short term plan for the period up to 2010 - recently extended to 2015 - built on these action areas: integration of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services into PHC, repositioning family planning, developing and promoting youth-friendly services, unsafe abortion, quality safe motherhood, resource mobilisation, commodity security and monitoring and evaluation.

The Plan is premised on sexual and reproductive health in its fullest context as defined at ICPD/PoA 1994, taking into account the life cycle approach. These elements of sexual and reproductive health and rights include Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health (ASRH); Safe Motherhood and newborn care; Abortion Care; Family planning; Prevention and Management of Sexually Transmitted Infections including HIV/AIDS; Prevention and Management of Infertility; Prevention and Management of Cancers of the Reproductive System; Addressing mid-life concerns of men and women; Health and Development; the Reduction of Gender-based Violence; Interpersonal Communication and Counseling; and Health education.

The Plan learns from best practices and cost-effective interventions and responds to vulnerability in all its forms, from gender inequality, to rural living and the youth, to specific vulnerable groups such as displaced persons, migrants and refugees. It recognises the importance of creating an enabling environment and of community and women’s empowerment and the role of men.